Breaking the Chain of Infection

Chain of Infection pic
Chain of Infection
Image: palmerohealth.com

The owner and president of Palmero Health Care, Kenneth Paul Palmero guides a company that specializes in the distribution of infection-control products for use in health care and dental settings. Kenneth Paul Palmero ensures his company produces products that effectively break the chain of infection.

The chain of infection is a term that describes the six elements of infection and how they relate to one another. According to this model, infection can only occur when the six elements are linked together in a chain. Infection control thus aims to break the chain at any point in order to prevent the infection’s occurrence and spread.

The first link in the chain is the causative agent, the microorganism that causes the infection. This is either a bacteria, a fungus, or a virus. These microorganisms need a reservoir — a human, environment, or animal in which they can thrive and multiply. Microorganisms stay in the reservoir until they are able to find a portal of exit, such as through the blood, skin, or genitourinary tract.

Microorganisms cannot transfer on their own, so they need a vehicle to reach their next target. This is called the mode of transmission. Once they reach a host, they can find a portal of entry in order to infect the susceptible individual. If this chain goes on without being broken, the infection has the potential to spread from person to person.